If an emergency happens and a person’s life is at risk, you will need to know more than basic first aid. Extra training in advanced first aid skills will help you recognize life-threatening emergencies and take the right actions. Learning skills like these three could help you save a life!
How to Administer Naloxone
If you find someone unconscious or unable to wake up and you suspect an opioid overdose, call 9-1-1. The person may be limp, pale, and have a slow heartbeat and irregular, shallow breaths. While waiting for EMTs to arrive, you can administer naloxone from a first aid kit. Naloxone is a medication that can temporarily relieve the symptoms of an overdose. It helps the victim breathe and keeps them alive until they can get professional health. Naloxone can be delivered by injection into a thigh muscle or by nasal spray. You should follow instructions on the label.
How to Use a Defibrillator
Cardiac arrest is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Quick action can save a life. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) can be used to revive a victim until emergency help can arrive, but you need to know when and how to use them. First, check for signs of cardiac arrest, such as abnormal or no breathing, no pulse, and no heartbeat. Do not use an AED on a person who is conscious or has a pacemaker or on a child. The AED will give instructions on where to place the pads on the victim’s chest and how to interpret the machine’s messages.
How to Use a Tourniquet
A person with serious limb injury can bleed to death in minutes. After calling 9-1-1, you should try to stop the bleeding by placing direct pressure on the wound. But if the wound is extensive and the bleeding profuse, you may need to make a tourniquet. You can use any strip of cloth that’s long enough to go around the arm or leg. Place the cloth a couple of inches above the wound, though not on a joint, and use a stiff object such as a stick or pen to twist the cloth and tighten it. You should keep applying pressure until help arrives.
Classes in first aid are offered by organizations in your community. Serious injuries should be treated by professionals, but you can save a life by applying immediate first aid measures. Learn what you can on your own and seek to get trained to handle the dire situations that may come your way!
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